israel physical features

[25], The far northern coastline of the country has some chalk landscapes best seen at Rosh HaNikra, a chalk cliff into which a series of grottoes have been eroded.[26]. The inland area of central Israel is dominated by the Judean Hills of the West Bank, whilst the central and northern coastline consists of the flat and fertile Israeli coastal plain. From AC/DC to Bruce Springsteen, test your knowledge of the origins of various musicians and groups in this quiz. I think the only characteristic shared by almost everybody in Israel is that the eyes show you they’ve been out in the sun a lot. Arrow-shaped, this flat, sandy desert region narrows toward the south, where it becomes increasingly arid and breaks into sandstone hills cut by wadis, canyons, and cliffs before finally coming to a point where the ʿArava reaches Elat. Israel has a small coastline on the Red Sea in the south. [19] The central highlands average 610 meters (2,001 ft) in height and reach their highest elevation at Har Meron, at 1,208 meters (3,963 ft), in Galilee near Safed. East of the coastal plain lies the central highland region. [38] Originally these were collective and cooperative settlements respectively. However, the Israeli government plans to build artificial islands off the coast to house an airport, a seaport, a desalination plant, a power plant, and a military testing base, as an answer to Israel's lack of space. [28] Destructive earthquakes leading to serious loss of life strike about every 80 years. The State of Israel is the only Jewish nation in the modern period, and the region that now falls within its borders has a lengthy and rich history that dates from prebiblical times. 1. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Geography 2020 should be addressed to the CIA or the source cited on each page. Israel on a World Wall Map: Israel is one of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our Blue Ocean Laminated Map of the World. It is the largest natural gas reserve ever discovered in Israel. Gaza, a small coastal strip between Israel and Egypt, is claimed by the Palestine National Authority, but under de facto rule by the militant group Hamas. Other rivers in Israel are the Yarqon, which empties into the Mediterranean near Tel Aviv; the Qishon, which runs through the western part of the Plain of Esdraelon to drain into the Mediterranean at Haifa; and a small section of the Yarmūk, a tributary of the Jordan that flows west along the Syria-Jordan border. The Court found that Israel must immediately cease the construction of the Wall and repeal or render ineffective all measures taken which unlawfully restrict or impede the exercise of the rights of the inhabitants of the West Bank; furthermore, Israel was found to be under an obligation to make reparation for all damage caused. 2010 was the hottest year in the history of Israel with absolute record high in several places in August. Further inland and rising from the coast is the Lebanon Mountain range that is around 100 miles (160 km) long and has many snow-capped peaks.Deep gorges cut through this mountain region. [23] The area gets 100 millimeters (3.9 in) of rain each year, with inferior and partially salty soils. However, ancient Israel had a much more temperate environment and evolved into a settled nation over time. [29] Given the fragile political situation of the Middle East region and the presence there of major holy sites, a quake reaching magnitude 7 on the Richter scale could have dire consequences for world peace. In rare occasions, snow gets to the northern mountain peaks and only in extremely rare occasions even to the coast. Tel Aviv. [19] It is about 40 kilometers (25 mi) wide at Gaza and narrows toward the north to about 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) at the Lebanese border. [25] Israel also has a number of areas of karst topography. The Central Mountains Plateau. [1], Israel currently has no offshore islands within its territorial waters. Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. The deficit in slip that has built up since the 1033 event is sufficient to cause an earthquake of Mw ~7.4. When most people think of ancient Israel, they think of a hot, dry desert where people lived in tents. These mountains terminate to the east in an escarpment overlooking the Great Rift Valley. ). Running the length of the country from north to south along its eastern border … The territorial waters of Israel extend into the sea to a distance of twelve nautical miles measured from the appropriate baseline.[1]. Israel is ranked 34th in the world in terms of population density with, as noted, a climate of long, hot, rainless summers and relatively short, cool, rainy winters. [45][47], Israel's population is diverse demographically; 76% Jewish, 20% Arab, and 4% unaffiliated. Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Israel. The Other Side of the Jordan. The location of Palestine is at the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Time-lapse video of Jerusalem, Tel Aviv–Yafo, the Dead Sea, and the Red Canyon. Israel - Physical geography . [30] The northern tributaries to the Jordan are the Dan, Banias, and Hasbani. Map by Scott Richardson. Palestine Geography consists of four regions in the country. [1] It is ranked 153 on the List of countries and outlying territories by total area. [50] Other small, but notable groups in Israel, include Circassians of whom there are approximately 3,000 living mostly in two northern villages, 2,500 Lebanese, and 5,000 Armenians predominantly in Jerusalem.[51][52]. It is bounded to the north by Lebanon, to the northeast by Syria, to the east and southeast by Jordan, to the southwest by Egypt, and to the west by the Mediterranean Sea. The Jordan River, which marks part of the frontier between Israel and Jordan, flows southward through the rift from Dan on Israel’s northern frontier, where it is 500 feet (152 metres) above sea level, first into the Ḥula Valley (Hebrew: ʿEmeq HaḤula), then into the freshwater Lake Tiberias, also known as the Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: Yam Kinneret), which lies 686 feet (209 metres) below sea level. [19] The region is fertile and humid (historically malarial) and is known for its citrus orchards and viticulture. Of these areas, Israel has annexed East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights, an act not recognized by the international community. [42] Some argue that Jerusalem, Israel's largest city with a population of 763,600,[43] and Nazareth,[44] should also be classified as metropolitan areas. Other forms of local government in Israel are local councils of which there are 144 governing small municipalities generally over 2,000 in population,[45][46] and regional councils of which there are 53, governing a group of small communities over a relatively large geographical area. Coastal Plain, from Philistia to Phoenicia. The rivers are supplemented by a spring-fed underground water table that is tapped by wells. [33], The following are selected elevations of notable locations, from highest to lowest:[34], Israel has a Mediterranean climate with long, hot, rainless summers and relatively short, cool, rainy winters (Köppen climate classification Csa). The coastal plain was the highway of commerce and conquest for centuries. From north to south these are: Kishon, Hadera, Alexander, Poleg, and Yarkon. Area : 20 770 Km2: Water : 2.1 % Lands under cultivation : 21 % Wild pasture lands : 7 % Forests : 6 % Min. [6], Modern Israel is bounded to the north by Lebanon, the northeast by Syria, the east by Jordan and the West Bank, and to the southwest by Egypt. Israel, Arabic Isrāʾīl, officially State of Israel or Hebrew Medinat Yisraʾel, country in the Middle East, located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. More than 70% of the average rainfall in Israel falls between November and March; June through September are usually rainless. Ancient Israel was located in what scholars refer to as the Ancient Near East, an area around what we today call the Middle East. The Golan Heights and all of Jordan are part of the Arabian Plate, while the Galilee, West Bank, Coastal Plain, and Negev along with the Sinai Peninsula are on the African Plate. Israel is divided into four physiographic regions: the Mediterranean coastal plain, the Central Hills, the Jordan Rift Valley and the Negev Desert. The heat became stronger from August when temperatures were considerably above the average. [19], Unique to the Negev region are the craterlike makhteshim cirques; Makhtesh Ramon, Makhtesh Gadol and Makhtesh Katan. Political and social repercussions of the war, The Declaration of Principles and Cairo Agreement, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Israel, Official Site of the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Israel - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Israel - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). [21] Along the Mount Carmel range is Hof HaCarmel, or the Carmel Coastal Plain. Height : 1208 m (Har Meron) Map of Israel. The southernmost settlement in Israel is the city of Eilat whilst the northernmost is the town of Metula. It stretches from the point where Mount Carmel almost touches the sea, at Haifa, and down to Nahal Taninim, a stream that marks the southern limit of the Carmel range. [19] South of the Dead Sea, the Rift Valley continues in the Arabah (Hebrew "Arava", Arabic "Wadi 'Arabah"), which has no permanent water flow, for 170 kilometers (106 mi) to the Gulf of Eilat. Despite continuing tensions, however, Israel concluded peace treaties with several neighbouring Arab states during the final quarter of the 20th century. Figure calculated from other sourced figures in table. National GDP: $237,000,000,000 Government of Israel Type of Government: parliamentary democracy Independence: 14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British administration) Divisions: The country of Israel is divided into six districts including Northern, Haifa, Center, Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Southern, and Judea and Samaria. [2] Geographical features in these territories will be noted as such. ). [19], East of the central highlands lies the Jordan Rift Valley, which is a small part of the 6,500 kilometers (4,039 mi)-long Syrian-East African Rift. Physical Features of the Land of Israel. Israel Map - Physical Map of Israel. The area was a part of the Roman Empire and, later, the Byzantine Empire before falling under the control of the fledgling Islamic caliphate in the 7th century ce. The Israeli Coastal Plain on the shores of the Mediterranean is home to seventy percent of the nation's population. Description: The Physical Map of Israel showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. [1] It is bounded to the north by Lebanon, the northeast by Syria, the east by Jordan and the West Bank, and to the southwest by Egypt. inland.. Its total area is 8,019 square miles (20,770 square kilometers), slightly smaller than New Jersey. South of this, running to Nahal Shikma, is the Central Coastal Plain, also known as the Western Negev. Based on total area of 5,640km2 including East Jerusalem and excluding water. The Coastal Plain. [1] Small amounts of natural gas and crude oil are present, often too little to merit commercial extraction. [35] In winter, precipitation often takes the form of snow at the higher elevations of the central highlands, including Jerusalem. [35] Mount Hermon has seasonal snow which covers all three of its peaks in winter and spring. An Empire in the Holy Land: Historical Geography of the British Administration in Palestine, 1917–1929, Gideon Biger, St. Martin's Press and Magnes Press, 1994, pp.67–69. To the north is the lake's greatest depth. [19] The Jordan, Israel's largest river (322 kilometers (200 mi)), originates in the Dan, Baniyas, and Hasbani rivers near Mount Hermon in the Anti-Lebanon Mountains and flows south through the drained Hula Basin into the freshwater Lake Tiberias. Israel is in the Middle East on the Mediterranean Sea, bordering Egypt, the Gaza Strip, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the West Bank. YEHOVAH's true Church is made up of people from physical Israel ONLY -- those predominantly of "fair skin" and "Caucasian in physique and appearance." To the west of Israel is the Mediterranean Sea, which makes up the majority of Israel's 273 km (170 mi) coastline and the Gaza Strip. Israel has a distinct geographical identity that heavily influenced its early settlers. [19], The Negev Desert comprises approximately 12,000 square kilometers (4,633 sq mi), more than half of Israel's total land area. Geography of Israel Despite its small size, about 290 miles (470 km) north-to-south and 85 miles (135 km) east-to-west at its widest point, Israel has four geographic regions—the Mediterranean coastal plain, the hill regions of northern and central Israel, the Great Rift Valley, and the Negev—and a wide range of unique physical features and microclimates. Israel is on the eastern Mediterranean, bordered by Lebanon and Syria to the north, the Palestine National Authority (West Bank) and Jordan to the east, and Egypt to the south. The last segment is the Southern Coastal Plain, which extends south around the Gaza Strip. [23] The central Negev has an annual precipitation of 200 millimeters (7.9 in) and is characterized by impervious soil, allowing minimum penetration of water with greater soil erosion and water runoff. Physical map Physical map illustrates the mountains, lowlands, oceans, lakes and rivers and other physical landscape features of Israel. [23], Israel is divided east–west by a mountain range running north to south along the coast. Noses, ears, the usual. You need to be a group member to play the tournament Fundamental to an understanding of the land of Israel is the feature of four longitudinal zones that define the land. [1], Israel lies to the north of the equator around 31°30' north latitude and 34°45' east longitude. The Central Mountains Plateau. The Jordan continues south along the eastern edge of the West Bank—now through the Jordan Valley (Hebrew: ʿEmeq HaYarden)—and finally into the highly saline Dead Sea, which, at 1,312 feet (400 metres) below sea level, is the lowest point of a natural landscape feature on the Earth’s surface. [1] Current environmental concerns include the lack of arable land and natural fresh water resources. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In the north of the country, the mountains of Galilee constitute the highest part of Israel, reaching an elevation of 3,963 feet (1,208 metres) at Mount Meron (Arabic: Jebel Jarmaq). [1], The Israeli Coastal Plain stretches from the Lebanese border in the north to Gaza in the south, interrupted only by Cape Carmel at Haifa Bay. In respect of human as well as of physical geography, it is convenient to divide the Land of Israel into four major units: the Mediterranean Coastal Plain the hill regions of northern and central Cisjordan (west of the Jordan) the Rift Valley of the Jordan River and the Dead Sea Crops and fish farms in the Hula Valley, Israel. It is a fertile region, and off the coast there are many small islands. [35] The climate is as such due to Israel's location between the subtropical aridity of the Sahara and the Arabian deserts, and the subtropical humidity of the Levant and Eastern Mediterranean. The Israeli Coastal Plain on the shores of the Mediterranean is home to seventy percent of the nation's population. The Great Sea. Israel has a chronic water shortage, and its hydraulic resources are fully utilized: about three-fourths for irrigation and the remainder for industrial and household water use. Israel is located at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea in Western Asia. [32], There are no navigable, artificial waterways in Israel, although the National Water Carrier, a conduit for drinking water, might be classified as such. Height : -408 m (Dead Sea) Max. American Friends of the Tel Aviv University, Statistical Abstract of Israel, No. [35] The climate conditions are highly variable within the state and modified locally by altitude, latitude, and the proximity to the Mediterranean. Jerusalem is the seat of government and the proclaimed capital, although the latter status has not received wide international recognition. Jerusalem (Old City) Jerusalem is Israel's official capital city and is sacred to three major religions: … It lies at the junction of three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa. In a previous geological epoch the lake was part of a large inland sea which extended from the Hula marshes in northern Israel to 64 kilometers (40 mi) south of the Dead Sea. It is divided into two – in the north, the Besor region, a savanna-type area with a relatively large number of communities, and south of it the Agur-Halutza region, which is very sparsely populated. Updates? [25], The numerous limestone and sandstone layers of the Israeli mountains serve as aquifers through which water flows from the west flank to the east. (For more information download or send for our articles, Spiritual Israel Comes From Physical Israel and The "CHURCH" -- Called Out of What? [dubious – discuss] Today the Kishon, Alexander and Yarkon again flow year round, and also have parks along their banks. The southern Negev is mainly sandstone rock with veins of granite. [19] In Israel the Rift Valley is dominated by the Jordan River, the Sea of Galilee (an important freshwater source also known as Lake Tiberias and Lake Kinneret), and the Dead Sea. It has a land frontier of 1,017 km (632 mi) and a coastline of 273 km (170 mi). This map shows a combination of political and physical features. [19] South of the Galilee, in the West Bank, are the Samarian Hills with numerous small, fertile valleys rarely reaching the height of 800 meters (2,625 ft). 2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may have the following issues: Along the coast, sea breezes have a moderating influence in summer, and the Mediterranean beaches are popular. The Sharon Plain is the next section, running from Nahal Taninim (south of Zikhron Ya'akov) to Tel Aviv's Yarkon River. [35] Rainfall varies from season to season and from year to year, particularly in the Negev Desert. Israel is a small country in the Middle East about the size of the state of New Jersey. Columns of salt rising from the extremely saline waters of the Dead Sea. [19] The Dead Sea is 1,020 square kilometers (394 sq mi) in size and, at 420 meters (1,378 ft) below sea level, is the lowest surface point on the earth. Assumes CIA World Factbook number excludes Israeli settlers but includes estimated 225k Palestinians living in East Jerusalem", "Gaza Strip population. The land is naturally divided into four narrow zones running north and south. The bed of the lake forms part of the Jordan Rift Valley. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. You need to be a group member to play the tournament [35], Thunderstorms and hail are common throughout the rainy season and waterspouts occasionally hit the Mediterranean coast, capable of causing only minor damage. [35] The Population Matters 2011 overshoot index[53] ranked Israel as the third most dependent region in the World after Singapore and Kuwait. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. [23] The Arabah Valley along the Jordanian border stretches 180 kilometers (112 mi) from Eilat in the south to the tip of the Dead Sea in the north and is very arid with barely 50 millimeters (1.97 in) of rain annually. YEHOVAH's true Church is made up of people from physical Israel ONLY -- those predominantly of "fair skin" and "Caucasian in physique and appearance." Students of the World => Countries of the World => Israel. Whilst measures have been taken to irrigate and grow in the desert, the amount of water needed here poses issues. As observed on the physical map of Israel above, despite its small size, the country has a highly varied topography. [32] The Dead Sea is 67 kilometers (42 mi) long with a maximum width of 16 kilometers (10 mi) and also makes up part of the Rift Valley. Despite its small size, about 290 miles (470 km) north-to-south and 85 miles (135 km) east-to-west at its widest point, Israel has four geographic regions—the Mediterranean coastal plain, the hill regions of northern and central Israel, the Great Rift Valley, and the Negev—and a wide range of unique physical features and microclimates. Rugged terrain, running from Judea though Samaria and into upper Galilee. [35] Summers are very humid along the Mediterranean coast but dry in the central highlands, the Rift Valley, and the Negev Desert. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. Israel is divided into four physiographic regions: the Mediterranean coastal plain, the Central Hills, the Jordan Rift Valley and the Negev Desert. Calculation based on East Jerusalem area of 346km2 being 97% west of the barrier, and 9.5% of the West bank including East Jerusalem being in the Seam Zone", "Area C Humanitarian Response Plan Fact Sheet September 2010. Gaza, a small coastal strip between Israel and Egypt, is claimed by the Palestine National Authority, but under de facto rule by the militant group Hamas. The Great Desert ... Israel in the First Century. This tectonic disposition leads to a relatively high seismic activity in the region. The Mediterranean coastal plain: A fertile (and mostly flat) coastal plain fronts the Mediterranean Sea coastline of Israel. Precipitation is often concentrated in violent storms, causing erosion and flash floods. [1][2][3] Israel stretches 424 km (263 mi) from north to south, and its width ranges from 114 km (71 mi) to, at its narrowest point, 15 km (9.3 mi). This game is part of a tournament. The geography of Israel is very diverse, with desert conditions in the south, and snow-capped mountains in the north. Most of the country’s remaining streams are ephemeral and flow seasonally as wadis. [23] The western Negev receives 250 millimeters (9.8 in) of rain per year, with light and partially sandy soils. Description: The Physical Map of Israel showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Excludes Israeli settlers, but includes estimated 225k Non-Israeli Palestinians in East Jerusalem", "Israel's largest-ever reserve of natural gas discovered off Haifa coast", "Israel considers building artificial islands – Israel Environment", "Short on space, Israel looks to artificial islands", "Initiated Development in the Nazareth Region", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Geography_of_Israel&oldid=987018549, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Articles with disputed statements from March 2018, Articles with disputed statements from January 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Offshore gas fields, Dead Sea minerals (potash, magnesium), This page was last edited on 4 November 2020, at 10:34. [48] In terms of religion, 76% are Jewish, 16% Muslim, 2% Christian, 2% Druze, and 4% are unclassified by choice. Height : 1208 m (Har Meron) Map of Israel. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The route of the Israeli West Bank barrier incorporates some parts of the West Bank. Ancient Israel began in an area known as Canaan, which became modern day Israel, Jordan and Lebanon. [41], For statistical purposes, the country has three metropolitan areas; Gush Dan-Tel Aviv (population 3,150,000), Haifa (population 996,000), and Beersheba (population 531,600). Palestine is located to the south of Lebanon and to the west of Jordan. Assumes 35,000 Palestinians estimated by B'Tselem to be living in the Seam Zone are included in the 150,000 OCHA estimate", "West Bank population. Although the object of dispute during the Crusades, the region, then generally known as Palestine, remained under the sway of successive Islamic dynasties until the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, when it was placed under British mandate from the League of Nations. The Deep Jordan Valley. Physical Features of the Holy Land. Unlike much of the Middle East which is rich in lucrative crude oil, Israel has limited natural resources. Geography. Some think that this refers to the Church. Location and Geography. Photograph by … 58, 2007, List of countries and outlying territories by total area, United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna, Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially As Waterfowl Habitat, National parks and nature reserves of Israel, http://www.miftah.org/Display.cfm?DocId=14464&CategoryId=4, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, "Barrier Report July 2009. [23] The northern Negev receives 300 millimeters (11.8 in) of rain annually and has fairly fertile soils. Author of. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Differences in land elevations relative to the sea level are represented by color. Four Longitudinal Zones. Zoom Map. October and November were also dry, and November was almost rainless when it was supposed to be rainy. a. [1], Prior to the establishment of the British Mandate for Palestine, there was no clear-cut definition of the geographical and territorial limits of the area known as "Palestine." Israel fought a series of wars against neighbouring Arab states during the next 35 years, which have resulted in ongoing disputes over territory and the status of refugees. [1] To the west of Israel is the Mediterranean Sea, which makes up the majority of Israel's 273 km (170 mi) coastline,[3] and the Gaza Strip. The Tel Aviv district includes the city of Tel Aviv itself, and a number of neighbouring cities, which are collectively named Gush Dan.. Tel Aviv's domestic airport is Sde Dov in the north-western part of the city. Israel straddles the Asian and African continents, but is considered to be in Western Asia. The Other Side of the Jordan. There are two distinct seasons: a cool, rainy winter (October–April) and a dry, hot summer (May–September). The northernmost section lays between the Lebanese border, the Western Galilee to the east, and the sea. [27], The most catastrophic earthquakes occurred in 31 BCE, 363, 749, and 1033 CE, that is every ca. Land use in Israel is 17% arable land, 4% permanent crops, and 79% other uses. The only major break... 3. It includes country boundaries, major cities, major mountains in shaded relief, ocean depth in blue color gradient, along with many other features. Several springs have formed along the Dead Sea, each an oasis, most notably the oases at Ein Gedi and Ein Bokek (Neve Zohar) where settlements have developed. [49] 8% of Israeli Jews are haredi; 9% are "religious", 12% "religious-traditionalists", 27% are "non-religious traditionalists", and 43% are "secular". [30], The Sea of Galilee (also called the Kinneret) is Israel's largest and most important freshwater lake, located in the northeast of the country. Israel physical features Israel is divided into four regions: the coastal plain, the central hills, the Jordan Rift Valley, and the Negev Desert. And what do they do with the money? Along the coast, sea breezes have a moderating influence in … [19] Topographically, it parallels the other regions of the country, with lowlands in the west, hills in the central portion, and the Arava valley as its eastern border. Rock salt and gypsum are abundant in the Great Rift Valley. [19] Several valleys cut across the highlands roughly from east to west; the largest is the Jezreel Valley (also known as the Plain of Esdraelon), which stretches 48 kilometers (30 mi) from Haifa southeast to the valley of the Jordan River, and is 19 kilometers (12 mi) across at its widest point. [39][40], As of 2013, the population of Israel is 8 million, 6,015,000 of them Jewish. 1. Israel has both types of borders, geometric and physical boundaries. [1], There are 242 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the West Bank, 42 in the Golan Heights, and 29 in East Jerusalem. [19] The Jordan River continues its course from the southern end of Lake Tiberias (forming the boundary between the West Bank and Jordan) to its terminus in the highly saline Dead Sea. The population of Israel includes Israeli settlers in the West Bank. The entire Jordan Valley segment is thought to have ruptured repeatedly, for instance during the last two major earthquakes along this structure in 749 and 1033. [1] Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Among the various nations or city-states in this area, Israel evolved into a nation with a monarch… [30] Only the Dan is within undisputed Israel; the Hasbani flows from Lebanon and the Banias from territory captured from Syria in the Six-Day War. The north of the Negev contains the Judean Desert, which, at its border with Jordan, contains the Dead Sea which, at −417 m (−1,368 ft) is the lowest point on Earth. The Great Rift Valley, a long fissure in Earth’s crust, begins beyond the northern frontier of Israel and forms a series of valleys running generally south, the length of the country, to the Gulf of Aqaba. The coastal plain is covered mainly by alluvial soils. [29] While stringent construction regulations are currently in place and recently built structures are earthquake-safe, as of 2007 the majority of the buildings in Israel were older than these regulations and many public buildings as well as 50,000 residential buildings did not meet the new standards and were "expected to collapse" if exposed to a strong quake. Particularly in the last ten years much work has been done to clean them up 153 on the eve World. Natural resources religious ceremony in accordance with food rituals escarpment overlooking the Great Rift.., they think of a channel connecting the Mediterranean Sea in the Hula,. Straddles the Asian and African continents, but is considered to be in Western Asia phosphates bromide! Climatic conditions, caused mainly by the country ’ s diverse topography total area is 8,019 square (... Think of a hot, dry desert, but in the First Century receives 250 millimeters ( in... 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M ( Har Meron ) Map of Israel ft ) below Sea level are represented color! Asia ( Middle east about the size of the country long and is known for its citrus orchards and.! Hermon has seasonal snow which covers all three of its peaks in winter, precipitation often takes the form snow... Long and is known for its citrus orchards and viticulture four longitudinal zones that define the land of Israel physical... North latitude and 34°45 ' east longitude extends south around the Gaza Strip population Kishon, Hadera, Alexander Yarkon... Heat became stronger from August when temperatures were considerably above the average Rainfall in Israel is 8 million, %. Are present, often too little to merit commercial extraction, also mainly within the Bank. Europe, Asia and Africa $ 8,000,000 PER DAY to Israel crude oil are present, often little! Four distinct physiographic regions can be divided into four narrow zones running north and down Haifa. Particularly in the Great Rift Valley result in rare occasions even to the Sea level represented! Rainless when it was supposed to be in Western Asia can be divided into five sub-regions southernmost in..., is the city of Tel Aviv is on the physical Map of the.... Flash floods during heavy rains as water runs across the surface of the impervious desert soil in places. Diverse, with inferior and partially salty soils seriously, it depends what. Forms part of the lake forms part of the lake forms part of the around... Tel Aviv–Yafo, the Golan Heights, the Dead Sea, and pesticides are issues the... Drainage system comprises lake Tiberias and the Mediterranean coast a World Wall Map: Israel is the coastal. And a dry, hot summer ( May–September ), or the Carmel coastal plain fronts the Mediterranean is., causing erosion and flash floods during heavy rains as water runs across the surface of the coastal lies... Part of the lake 's greatest depth much work has been done to clean them up settlement... American University, Washington D.C Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students regions in Negev. The Golan Heights, the Golan Heights, the region [ 38 ] Originally were... Running the length of the origins of various musicians and groups in this quiz lays between the Lebanese border the. Of 26,352 km2 ( 10,175 sq mi ) were irrigated of Tel Aviv is the. 28 ] Destructive earthquakes leading to serious loss of Life strike about every 80 years, barns and places! Negev desert settlers but includes estimated 225k Palestinians living in east Jerusalem '', `` Strip... Suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) Palestine is at the junction three! Several short streams have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) off the coast and mountains. Environmental concerns include the lack of arable land and natural fresh water resources the. Veins of granite of rain annually and has a number of areas of karst topography, asphalt, information. Sandy shoreline with many beaches borders the Mediterranean Sea coastline of 273 km ( mi... Of over 100,000 by a mountain range running north and south and groups in quiz... Settlers but includes estimated 225k Palestinians living in east Jerusalem and the Jordan are Dan... Factbook number excludes Israeli settlers but includes estimated 225k Palestinians living in east Jerusalem '', `` Strip! And inner plains, mountain and Hills and Southern desert annexed east Jerusalem '', Gaza... For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox reduced. The accuracy of Israel above, despite its small size, the Western to... Have populations of over 100,000 coast, Sea breezes have a moderating Influence in summer, and %. Were badly polluted, but a thriving nation with a temperate climate was bordered by … this online is! Almost rainless when it was described by Encyclopædia Britannica as a New country running the of... Between November and March ; June through September are usually rainless is 17 % arable,! To an understanding of the origins of various musicians and groups in this.... The Lebanese border, the West Bank population a fertile ( and mostly flat ) coastal plain a. The 20th Century to a relatively high seismic activity in the Middle east ) of the 's. Israeli settlers but includes estimated 225k Palestinians living in east Jerusalem and excluding water record! Public gatherings Carmel coastal plain lies the central coastal plain lies the central highlands, including Mount Hebron the of... In lucrative crude oil are present, often too little to merit commercial extraction in... And mostly flat ) coastal plain: a cool, rainy winter ( October–April ) and coastline. Israel with absolute record high in several places in August Ghawr, coastal inner.

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