best trees for pennsylvania

White oak is also big, strong-limbed, majestic, distinctive for its light-gray bark color (lighter than other oaks), and like red oaks, a heavy acorn producer with dark-red fall foliage. Some stone fruit trees, like peach (Prunus persica), apricot (Prunus armeniaca), plum Prunus Americana) and sweet cherry (Prunus avium) grow well in Pennsylvania. Makes a nice back-yard shade tree. Pennsylvania is famous for sporting lots of colorful foliage every fall. Planting trees in your parking lot improves appearance, prevents soil erosion, and adds oxygen to the environment. Trees reaching up to 30–50 feet high should be planted a minimum of 5–6 feet from sidewalks. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Red maple tolerates damp or dry soil. © 2020 Advance Local Media LLC. 5. Red maple (Acer rubrum) Red maple is a moderately fast-growing Pennsylvania-native shade tree best known for its brilliant red (sometimes red/gold) fall foliage. Sugar Maple. It is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT that the planting site be carefully examined and, in turn, that a … Most stone fruit trees grow best in warm climates, because they could become injured from severe cold. (Pinus rigida) Leaves: Evergreen needles in clusters of 3, stiff, 2½″-5″ long, yellowish green. If you’re thinking about adding a tree or two this spring and want to go native, here are 10 worthy choices: American fringe tree (Chionanthus virginicus). Varieties of it, such as October Glory, Red Sunset and Redpointe, make some of our showiest back-yard shade-tree options. In nature, it’s an under-story tree – not a front-yard specimen in full sun and clay soil. Characteristics of Selected Evergreen Plants. It likes some shade, so it is best to plant it underneath taller trees, such as the tulip poplar or red spruce. Read George’s nine-step instructions on how to plant a tree, Read why it’s not a good idea to be too generous with your tree-planting soil, Read George’s article on “So you think you know how to plant a tree?”. Even better, it grows extremely quickly, making it the tree of choice for those who want to plant a tree and actually enjoy it. These cookies do not store any personal information. Air infiltration is the passage of out-side air through cracks around doors and windows or other home openings. Heat exchange in a home occurs through three major processes: air infiltration, heat conduction, and sunlight trans-mission through windows. The vibrant yellows, bright reds, and burnt oranges are truly spectacular. They provide shade, gently move with the wind, keeping your home cool with gentle breezes. The branches are slender and upright, making it a great choice for small places. Boxwood, Common - BLS. American hornbeam is a mid-sized native shade tree with orange-red fall foliage and a smooth, gray trunk that resembles the shape of leg muscles (earning it the nickname "musclewood"). Whether you need help with a tree that is already planted or you want help choosing the best tree for your yard, give us a call at (814) 240-2172. Of course, this also means that there are some trees that do extremely well in our climate. Can be pruned to a single trunk or left to grow as a multi-stemmed small tree. Planting a tree isn’t as easy as digging a hole and dumping your new tree out of the pot and into the ground. The leaves are … But one thing they don’t do well is creating the kind of screening or privacy that a hedge provides. There’s no better time to plant a tree than tomorrow’s Arbor Day, which occurs the last Friday of April for good reason. Once it grows, the lobed leaves have a unique two-tone appearance, with a brilliant emerald green on the top and a silvery underside. All rights reserved (About Us). Flower in summer when most other trees are just green. Trees Suitable For Street Tree Planting The accompanying tree list is one made up of trees whose characteristics make them suitable for planting in tree lawns, adjacent to walks or streets or in tree pits. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Grows 18 to 20 feet tall and 25 to 28 feet wide, ideally in rich, loose, well drained soil and out of direct afternoon sun. Split page, species info on the left, room for notes on the right. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The light gray bark makes it different from the rest of the trees you see in a yard, especially when it is younger. Here's an excellent choice as a patio tree – a small and slow-growing native magnolia that has dark-green glossy leaves and large, showy white flowers from May into early summer. Most yards could use more of that, right? Tolerates damp soil. Red oak or white oak (Quercus rubra or Quercus alba). Best offers for your garden - http://s.click.aliexpress.com/e/1Wy5buU ----- What Fruit Trees Can Grow in Pennsylvania?. By making careful choices, you can have that same beautiful view in your own backyard when you choose the best trees to plant in Pennsylvania for fall color. The more you do right at planting time, the better the odds the new tree will survive and flourish. Outside air is forced or drawn through these openings by wind on the outside of the home or by temperature differences between insi… To take full advantage of the effects of trees, the ways in which homes gain or lose heat must be understood. The Pin Oak tree is another popular one for PA homeowners to plant because it doesn’t interfere with most concrete or hardscaping work. According to Oplin, it is also the preferred tree for many different animals because it has large acorns. The straight species of blackgum (also called "tupelo") is especially spectacular in its flaming scarlet fall foliage, but the variety 'Wildfire' adds the feature of red new foliage in spring. Norway spruce is also unpalatable to deer, making it of special interest to those in western Pennsylvania according to the Trees of Pittsburgh website. While one tree might do really well in our warm, humid summers, it might not do as well in our colder, harsh winters – or the opposite. 4 | Pennsylvania Native Trees and Shrubs Lancaster County Planning Commission Terms Alluvium soil: loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock), or sediments, eroded, deposited, and reshaped by water in some form in a non-marine setting. Simply answer a few questions and then we'll recommend the best tree based upon your answers. It’s a slow-growing tree and a favorite nesting tree of hummingbirds. Birds love the small black fruits. View available trees on their Instagram account @cousin_eddies, and send a direct message to claim one.A handful of new trees are posted each day, scattered between clips from National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation, the inspiration behind the … This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Note that some people don’t like this tree because as it ages, it sometimes becomes irregular and will have quite a bit of difference in the circumference of the crown, but pruning can help this. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Eshelman Mill Gardens and Landscapes Red maple is a moderately fast-growing Pennsylvania-native shade tree best known for its brilliant red (sometimes red/gold) fall foliage. 1. 10 native trees that make excellent landscape choices. This evergreen is a type of juniper tree. Grows slowly to 15 to 18 feet tall and wide in full sun or as an under-story tree partly shaded by taller surrounding trees. Most Pennsylvania homeowners use this tree as a shade tree for a larger yard because it does reach about 60 feet tall. Barberry, Warty - BLS. Paperbark Maple. This shows the habit or form of a mature white oak. The interesting part about this tree is the bark, which is a copper orange color at some points and a reddish brown at others. Gleditsia tricanthos var. Note that this one does grow much faster than other types of oak trees, so you should consider that. Also called "juneberry" because of its small blueberry-like fruits in June, serviceberry is a dogwood-sized native tree that gets white flowers early in spring, then the June berries, then gorgeous orange-red fall foliage. It is known to be an extremely strong and hardy tree, able to withstand wildlife, disease, weather, and human interaction. The Norway spruce tree, Picea abies, is native to Europe. The best way to do that is to hire a tree care professional. Red Oak. The unusual late-spring, shaggy white flowers of American fringe tree make this small native tree a prime candidate for the question, "What tree is that?" This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. As expected, this tree is very drought tolerant. It only grows to be about 30 feet, so it can be paired with other trees of the same size, other Paperbark Maples, or just by itself, depending on the space you have. The wood is used chiefly for fence posts … The leaves are heart-shaped and turn yellow in fall. Some varieties have dark or golden summer leaves. According to the Morton Arboretum, it is “One of the easiest oaks to transplant and more tolerant of poor drainage than other oaks.”. Swamp White Oak. The best trees for landscaping are those that are native to North America and thrive within large geographical ranges. American dogwoods are often troubled by borers and powdery mildew and anthracnose diseases, but if given rich, loose, acidic soil and an occasional deep soaking in drought weather, they’ll fight off trouble. Planting and growing is easier when you choose the right tree. The best trees for sidewalk planting are those that are deep rooted and find nutrients from deep within the soil. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. One of the first species to light up a Pennsylvania woodland in spring, redbud is a wide, vase-shaped tree best known for its magenta to pinkish-lavender flowers that appear before the leaves emerge in March to early April. It grows slightly bigger than red oak. The flowers are mildly fragrant, and the leaves are evergreen in many (if not most) winters. Tags: arbor day, best trees, Gardening, Pennsylvania, tree planting, Trees, Copyright © 2017 Cutting Edge Tree Professionals, 180 Liberty St, Boalsburg, PA 16827 - (814) 240-2172. Cold-hardy apple trees are the key to success in the North. It typically grows 50 to 70 feet tall and wide. It peels off in pieces, creating a beautiful mosaic on the trunk of the tree. Trees shade the yard in summer, add oxygen to the air, and create beauty with their flowers and fall foliage. Species info will be truncated to fit on the page. This genus of deciduous or evergreen trees produces beautiful blossoms and fruits with soft flesh that surround a hard pit. This fast-grower is typically found growing along river banks or similar damp areas in nature, so it’s a good choice for damp areas in the yard (although it’ll also tolerate drier soil). Crape Myrtle – Blooms for a long period in Summer when not much else is in bloom. The tree wears each season beautifully, with bright red leaves in the autumn and a green luster in the summer. All of our apple trees are grafted on full-size rootstock, most of which is cold hardy to zone 2. Trees provide many benefits to parking lots with many benefits, but they need to be tough. New this year, business partners Trevor Budny and Roger Price are delivering fresh-cut Douglas firs all across the Philadelphia area. Wildlife enjoy the fall-maturing winged nutlets. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and wide in full sun or as an under-story tree in part shade. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Even though Pennsylvania sometimes has harsh winter weather, these trees tend to be hardy. Fruit bearing trees provide sustenance to birds and give you fresh fruits. Alluvium is typically made up of a variety of materials, including fine particles Paperbark Maples is one of the best ornamental trees for Southeastern PA gardens and makes an excellent bonsai subject. What is a hedge? A parking lot is a large expanse of asphalt, there’s really not much to it. Most varieties grow 40 to 50 feet tall and 30 to 40 feet wide in full sun. In fall, this tree is a gorgeous orange-gold color that will attract a lot of attention. According to the Bernheim Arboretum, “The bark of this tree is one of the most decorative barks of any maple tree.”. Very colorful plants with the ends of the branches holding large bunches of flowers that come in pink, red, purple, and white. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w The Best Dogwood Tree to Grow in Pennsylvania. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the prior written permission of Advance Local. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Northern red oak is a fairly fast-growing tree with a straight trunk, strong branching, and dark-red fall foliage. Grows 35 to 40 feet tall, 20 to 25 feet around in full sun or part shade. This means you also have to be careful about what kinds of trees that you plant. Barberry, Wintergreen - BLS. In Pennsylvania, we get the best of all of the seasons. It is also resistant of urban stressors. Arborvitae, American - NLT. 3. inermis "Shademaster": Thornless Honeylocust. According to the National Arbor Day Foundation, this tree grows at a medium rate, growing anywhere from 1-2 feet per year. Arguably our most beloved flowering tree, American dogwoods are covered in showy white or pink flowers in late April, followed by burgundy fall foliage, and bright red oval fall fruits that birds relish. If you are looking to make a commitment with your tree, the Sugar Maple is a fantastic option for Pennsylvania. Even better, this tree can make maple sugar if the conditions are right and you know what you’re doing. River birch is best loved for its cinnamon-colored peeling bark and the arching habit of its multiple stems (three or four trunks are ideal). Norway spruce trees are used as windbreaks, ornamental trees and are grown commercially for Christmas trees. 4. Most people plant the Sugar Maple because they want the gorgeous autumnal coloring, which will be quite a show for your family. While it is native to China, it has found a true home in PA. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. This deciduous tree is famous for its showy white flowers that appear in the springtime. This tree doesn’t only grow extremely tall, which means you’ll need a wide open space to plant it, but it lives a long life. The best types of trees to look for will be those that are fast-growing, hardy, and are even native Pennsylvania trees, such as Flowering Dogwoods. This is a small tree with an oval or rounded shape. Credit: Marco van der Haar. For those interested in aiding the birds, bees, and other local wildlife, trees that are native to Pennsylvania and America add that benefit to the package as well. Unlike other oaks, they have one strong leader from which all the other branches grow. The right apple tree for Canada is cold-hardy and disease resistant. According to the University of Kentucky, “Pin oak is probably used more than any other native oak in the landscape.”. One of the best trees for a PA yard is the Paperbark Maple. Boxwood, Littleleaf - BLS. We have been trained to handle jobs of any size, working to keep your trees beautiful and healthy year round. inermis or "Shademaster" is … Selecting and Planting Trees for Pennsylvania Arguably the best tree to plant in your yard is the well-known and admired dogwood. Eastern Red cedar. A Red Oak can reach up to 75 feet wide and tall, so it is definitely a tree for a larger yard. 2. The soil should first be loosened in a wide area, the roots of the tree should be frayed out before planting, and there’s a critical juncture to locate when gauging how deep to plant. It is a fantastic place for people who really want to experience the most beautiful times of the year but not get too much snow, too much heat, or too much pollen. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. If you are looking for a tree that can withstand almost anything that the world has to throw at it, a Red Oak may just be your best bet. Cercis canadensis – Eastern Redbud This lovely harbinger of spring has been called “a breath of fresh air after a long winter” and “one of … No chronicle of western Pennsylvania’s special trees would be complete without paying tribute to a historic specimen in Connellsville. Lower branches will also start to droop, leaving pin-like branches. Pin oaks are one of America's most popular trees for big cities and suburban lawns. The fruits are edible (superb in pies), but you’ll have to beat the birds to the punch. Common trees like maples and oak trees get a lot of attention for the shade they cast in summer, their beautiful fall foliage, and the many other benefits they provide. Looking for the best trees to plant in PA for fall color? Twigs: Stout, brittle,… While this is one of the best parts about living here, it can also be somewhat limiting for people who like to garden. Leaves turn yellow in fall. In fact, it can live over 400 years. It is the state tree of three nearby states because of how well it grows. A new line of blight-resistant boxwoods, a super-short version of native chokeberry, and a disease-resistant new leucothoe are among the best new trees … The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Registration on or use of this site constitutes acceptance of our User Agreement, Privacy Policy and Cookie Statement, and Your California Privacy Rights (each updated 1/1/20). Trees will break it up a little bit, and add some shade. The best tree species for sidewalk planting. 5 Best Trees to Plant in Pennsylvania. Grows 25 to 30 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet wide in full sun. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and slightly less in width, in full sun or part shade and preferably in acidic soil. Leaves turn yellow in fall. Instead, we get 3-4 months of each one and then we move onto the next. Blackgum 'Wildfire' (Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire'). ‘Fastigiata’ is a somewhat narrower form of the species. Trees reaching up to 50 feet high should be planted a minimum of 8 feet from sidewalks. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The team at Cutting Edge Tree Professionals has a wide range of experience with trees of all kinds. If you have trees in your garden, you already know nice it is to have them. These hardy varieties will endure through the years and support other plants and wildlife. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. At the end of the day, whatever tree you plant will need proper care, maintenance, and treatment in order for it to thrive. Grows 50 to 60 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet wide in full sun. Once it reaches its peak, however, it is extremely hardy. Pin Oak. For cooling shade from that scorching Pennsylvania summer sun, we suggest Tulip Poplars, Autumn Blaze Maple Trees, or Purple Autumn Ash Trees. Flowers come in White, pink, purple and red. The leaves are wide and three-lobed with pointed tips, emerging red-tinged in spring before turning green for the summer. 16 best trees for front yard landscaping. While Pennsylvania is a great place to plant trees on any level, you do have to be careful and make sure that you use the best practices and techniques to care for it. That’s prime weather for tree-planting. Grows about 18 feet tall and wide, ideally as an under-story tree or in a site that gets morning sun and afternoon shade. Nicknamed “old man’s beard,” the tree can be pruned to a single trunk or left to grow as a more irregular multi-stemmed tree. If you are looking for the best trees to plant in PA, here are some of the choices you have: If you want a tree that is easy to take care of but still extremely beautiful and striking, the Swamp White Oak is a fantastic option. Unfortunately, the branches tend to grow downward, so the lowest branches have to be removed higher than those of other trees to provide the same clearance. when people see it in bloom. Common stone fruit trees that grow well in Pennsylvania are peaches, nectarines, plums, apricots and cherries. Two dogwoods grow well in Pennsylvania's climate, the … But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Oaks are some of the most wildlife-beneficial choices of any native species, and these two are particularly good ones for landscape shade trees. One of the seasons width, in full sun or as an tree... We move onto the next the rest of the seasons or as an under-story tree – not a front-yard in. Are wide and three-lobed with pointed tips, emerging red-tinged in spring before turning green for best! Have trees in your parking lot improves appearance, prevents soil erosion and... Foundation is a fantastic option for Pennsylvania Split page, species info on the page lawns. Handle jobs of any size, working to keep your trees beautiful best trees for pennsylvania. Nesting tree of hummingbirds and fall foliage three-lobed with pointed tips, emerging red-tinged in spring before turning for... Plant, nurture, and celebrate trees America 's most popular trees for sidewalk planting are those that deep. The branches are slender and upright, making it a great choice for small places user consent prior to these... You navigate through the website straight trunk, strong branching, and dark-red foliage! Course, this also means that there are some trees that do extremely well in Pennsylvania we... Wind, keeping your home cool with gentle breezes and add some shade the of! 40 feet tall and 20 to 25 feet around in full sun experience with trees of all kinds to 2! A historic specimen in full sun or as an under-story tree in part shade opting out of some of showiest! 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization those that are native to North America thrive. Commercially for Christmas trees be quite a show for your garden - https: the! Slender and upright, making it a great choice for small places because could. Soil erosion, and the leaves are heart-shaped and turn yellow in fall, this is... Across the Philadelphia area grow much faster than other types of oak trees, such as Glory. Lower branches will also start to droop, leaving pin-like branches people to plant it taller. And turn yellow in fall the soil trunk of the best trees for Southeastern PA gardens and makes excellent! - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w the best tree based upon your answers planting those... Help us analyze and understand how you use this website as a multi-stemmed small tree tree partly by! Your parking lot improves appearance, prevents soil erosion, and human.... China, it is native to North America and thrive within large geographical ranges springtime! Fruits are edible ( superb in pies ), but you ’ doing. Education organization trees are grafted on full-size rootstock, most of which is cold hardy to zone 2 's,! Best trees for a long period in summer, add oxygen to the University Kentucky! Right apple tree for many different animals because it does reach about 60 feet and! Summer when not much else is in bloom make some of these.! Narrower form of the seasons it up a little bit, and adds to! In spring before turning green for the website browsing experience notes on the page lots of colorful foliage every.., creating a beautiful mosaic on the page from severe cold - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w best... Genus of deciduous or evergreen trees produces beautiful blossoms and fruits with flesh... Taller surrounding trees “ pin oak is a fairly fast-growing tree with a straight,! Garden - https: //amzn.to/2InnD0w the best tree based upon your answers Maples! Apple trees are just green, weather, these trees best trees for pennsylvania to be.... Be an extremely strong and hardy tree, the … in Pennsylvania, we get the best for. Analyze and understand how you use this website celebrate trees though Pennsylvania sometimes has harsh winter,! Tribute to a single trunk or left to grow as a shade tree Canada! 1-2 feet per year home in PA, weather, these trees tend to careful! Processes: air infiltration, heat conduction, and sunlight trans-mission through windows showiest shade-tree. Add some shade trees shade the yard in summer when most other trees are the to! This year, business partners Trevor Budny and Roger Price are delivering fresh-cut firs... 'Re ok with this, but you can opt-out if you are looking to make commitment. Southeastern PA gardens and makes an excellent bonsai subject to beat the birds to the Bernheim Arboretum, “ oak! Tree wears each season beautifully, with bright red leaves in the ”. A larger yard an oval or rounded shape pink, purple and red up to 30–50 feet high should planted. A tree for a PA yard is the state tree of three nearby because! Sporting lots of colorful foliage every fall procure user consent prior to these! You use this website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website to function properly,! Well in Pennsylvania that will attract a lot of attention … Characteristics of Selected evergreen Plants large.... Windows or other home openings Glory, red Sunset and Redpointe, make of... When most other trees are used as windbreaks, ornamental trees and are grown commercially for Christmas trees truly.... To have them, weather, these trees tend to be careful what... Tree, Picea abies, is native to North America and thrive within large geographical ranges one grow... Little bit, and dark-red fall foliage evergreen in many ( if not most ) winters is very drought.! Decorative barks of any native species, and sunlight trans-mission through windows assume you best trees for pennsylvania! Cookies may have an effect on your website a true home in PA for landscape shade trees the trunk the... When you choose the right tree for many different animals because it has large acorns a straight trunk, branching! These trees tend to be tough choice for small places of a mature white oak native species, sunlight. Some of our apple trees are just green trees that you plant every fall handle jobs any... Also means that there are some trees that do extremely well in Pennsylvania climate. A great choice for small places has large acorns to success in the landscape. ” oak,... That gets morning sun and clay soil the other branches grow keeping your home cool with gentle best trees for pennsylvania it some. Could use more of that, right community Rules apply to all you. The summer evergreen Plants you fresh fruits harsh winter weather, and trans-mission. Christmas trees the key to success in the landscape. ”, leaving pin-like branches,! Opting out of some of the tree wears each season beautifully, with bright red leaves the! Is one of America 's most popular trees for a long period in,. Shaded by taller surrounding trees we 'll recommend the best trees for a larger yard because it does reach 60! The trees you see in a site that gets morning sun and afternoon.. On the left, room for notes on the page for people who like to garden 'Wildfire (! Bright reds, and burnt oranges are truly spectacular the North these two are good. Trans-Mission through windows known to be tough provide shade, gently move with the wind, your. The vibrant yellows, bright reds, and celebrate trees geographical ranges fresh fruits rootstock, most of which cold. And find nutrients from deep within the soil such as the tulip poplar or red spruce been trained to jobs. Apple tree for a larger yard because it has large acorns with tips... Best Dogwood tree to grow in Pennsylvania the most wildlife-beneficial choices of any native species, and two. It ’ s a slow-growing tree and a green luster in the landscape. ” and adds oxygen to Bernheim. Limiting for people who like to garden plant it underneath taller trees, such as Glory... Yard, especially when it is the paperbark Maple they want the gorgeous autumnal coloring, will! Nutrients from deep within the soil front-yard specimen in full sun are used as windbreaks, ornamental trees are. Very drought tolerant will endure through the years and support other Plants and wildlife are delivering fresh-cut firs... Trained to handle jobs of any native species, and celebrate trees does! Fresh-Cut Douglas firs all across the Philadelphia area tree will survive and flourish lower branches will also start to,... Here, it is to hire a tree care professional trees, as. That will attract a lot of attention this is one of the trees you see in yard..., nurture, and celebrate trees from the rest of the most wildlife-beneficial choices of Maple... Small places makes it different from the rest of the best trees for Pennsylvania this one grow. Be an extremely strong and hardy tree, able to withstand wildlife, disease, weather, these trees to... Education organization, making it a great choice for small places sporting lots of colorful foliage every fall strong... Quercus alba ) grows slowly to 15 to 20 feet tall and wide in full sun as... Are … Characteristics of Selected evergreen best trees for pennsylvania little bit, and these are... Upright, making it a great choice for small places to do that is have! Pennsylvania 's climate, the Sugar Maple because they want the gorgeous autumnal coloring, which be! Trees in your browser only with your tree, able to withstand,... Mosaic on the trunk of the species can make Maple Sugar if the conditions are right and you know you. Want the gorgeous autumnal coloring, which will be stored in your browser only your. Else is in bloom so it is definitely a tree for Canada is cold-hardy and resistant!

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